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10 ArtWorks that Symbolize India’s Patriotism – Independence Day Special

India, since centuries has been home to people from different castes, class, religion and languages. All of the above if not divide, at least mark a differentiation that defines each citizen of this country. But what binds us all together across the length and breadth of the country is art.

For any art enthusiast, MF Hussain's work is as holy to him as that of Satish Gujral. Similarly, The Taj Mahal is as revered as The Ajanta and Ellora Caves for their architecture and historical significance. As we are about to wish our country on its 71st Independence Anniversary, let's take a look at some of the art works and paintings that define or are symbolic to India's independence.

  1. Nandalal Bose's Gandhi in Black and White

    Nandalal Bose's Gandhi in Black and White
    Credits: nytimes.com

    Mahatma Gandhi is the icon of India's Independence movement. So it is only apt that we begin with a sketch of him. This symbolic sketch is by Nandalal Bose to highlight Gandhiji's arrest for protesting the British tax on salt.

    He created this back and white linocut print of The Mahatma in his iconic pose - walking with a staff - and since then this has become the iconic image for the non-violence movement in India. The work, created in 1930, is on permanent display at the National Gallery of Modern Art in Delhi.
     

  2. Rabindranath's Tagore Dancing Woman

    Rabindranath's Tagore Dancing Woman
    Credits:artsome.co

    The fight for independence was not just to gain freedom from the British but also to restore the love for India and things that are Indian. This painting by Rabindranath Tagore instills a feeling of patriotism if understood well.

    He took the brush to the canvas to create this masterpiece with an intention to break away from the western techniques and create a modern yet indigenous method of expression.

  3. Abanindranath Tagore's Bharat Mata


    Credits: Artsome.co

    Abanindranath Tagore is considered to be the first painter who revitalized the National heritage of the country in the form of art. He also happens to be Rabindranathi Tagore's nephew. The painting here highlights India to be a Hindu goddess who is holding the Vedas, Rice, Mal and a white cloth in her four arms. This painting of his was to symbolize that the country had to unite for nationalistic purposes.

    During the time it was made, it was named as Bangamata (Mother Bengal) but eventually it came to be known as Bharat Mata (Mother India). Over the years, during the freedom struggle, the painting was seen as an inspiration for people to participate in the freedom struggle.

    4. Zainul Abedin's Bengal Famine Paintings 


    Credits: Artsome.co

    Zainul Abedin drew attention of the atrocities done by the British during Bengal's famine in 1943 through this painting. People were left to die because of lack of food and the British Raj did nothing to come to their rescue.

    The painting here manages to elicit a patriotic emotion, and gained popularity in the pre-Independence period urging the country to come together and fight the British away.

    5. Laxmipriya Pradhan's Corruption


    Credits: Telegraph India

    You may say it is uncalled for here when we are talking about the glory of India's 71 Independence anniversary, but then free India is not only about not having the British rule over us anymore. Our independence will be attaining in its full glory only when we are free from the claws of corruption. 

    This wonderful sculptor by artist Laxmipriya Pradhan shows mice with tricolor shawls around their necks, representing the corrupt politicians who are nibbling away the sweetness of our nation. 

    6. Bhawana Dubey's Indian Freedom Fighters


    Credits:Cupick.co

    This is a poster created by Bhawana Dubey and is available for sale in different sizes. We particularly liked the caption of the poster - Home of the Free because of the Brave, which is sure to spark the fire of patriotism and respect for the freedom fighters who laid their lives during India's freedom struggle.

    7. Dras War Memorial


    Credits: Flickr.com

    This is better known as the Kargil War Memorial, also known as the Vijaypath. As the name suggests, it is the war memorial built by the Indian Army, located in Dras, in the foothills of the Tololing Hill, on the Srinagar-Leh National Highway. Kargil War has been fresh in our minds since the time it was fought and the memorial is in the memory of the soldiers and officers of the Indian Army who sacrificed their lives during the India-Pak Kargil War.

    The memorial has a huge epitaph with names of all the officers and soldiers who died in the war. The main attraction of the memorial is the Sandstone wall, which has the names of all the Indian army personnel who were martyred during the war. 

    8. CN Row's Jallianwala Baug painting


    Credits: Shaheed-smarak.org

    A visit to Jabalpur remains incomplete without a visit to the Shaheed Samarak monument. This circular building situated in Gole Bazar is known for murals and paintings by famous artists from Shantinikentan. This depiction of Jallianwala Baug by Kolkata's famous artist CN Row is sure to give you goose-bumps.

    9. Indian Flag

    You may ask what makes us include the Indian flag as part of the top 10 art works that symbolize Indian Independence, right? Doesn't the very sight of our tricolor instill the feeling of do or die for our country?

    Each time the national anthem is played with the national flag before us, having goose-bumps is a given, isn't it? The tricolor happens to be the best form of art, if we may call it, to symbolize the fact that India attained its independence with honour.

    10. SH Raza'a Hey Ram


    Credits: Hindustantimes.com

    This textual reference of Gandhiji's last two words painted on canvas by artist SH Raza are a reminder of the ghastly act of terror by Nathuram Godse who killed our beloved Bapu in broad daylight. 

    The story of India's independence has been well documented by a lot of Bollywood films and so are the various wars that India fought post-independence. But when it comes to art, the Independence struggle hasn't got enough due. 

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